An international team formed around the Swiss Federal Laboratories
for Materials Testing and Research (EMPA
Duebendorf) will concentrate on the following analyses during
the coming years:
1. Archaeometallurgical analyses Extensive geochemical and metallurgical
analysis of ores, slags, furnace clay and metals will be carried
out. Results will be applied to the chronological frame established
at Almyras to test the homogeneity of materials and technology involved
in the three production phases.
2. Lead isotope analysis Lead isotope analysis on a complete chain
of archaeometallurgical remains of copper production on Cyprus will
be possible. So far, only the site of Almyras can fulfill these
requirements. Results can be compared with the large number of existing
lead isotope data .
3. Radiocarbon dating Additional radiocarbon dating of charcoal
from Almyras and the sites found during the survey are necessary,
although Almyras is already the best radiocarbon dated single site
on Cyprus. Because of the re-use of the same working platforms to
install copper smelting furnaces in all three periods, an complicated
and often inverse stratigraphy has to be dealt with. Each production
unit must be dated individually. Many newly found slag concentrations
in the Sia Valley need to be radiocarbon dated.
4. Wood species identification Wood species identification of over
a thousand charcoal samples will throw light on the vegetation,
climate development and deforestation patterns of Cyprus in the
first millenium BC.
5. Archaeomagnetics Archaeomagnetic measurements on furnaces in
situ will serve to establish a database for future archaeomagnetic
dating of fire places, hearths and furnaces of any kind on Cyprus
Calibration of archaeomagnetic results can be carried out on the
radiocarbon-dated furnaces of the site of Almyras and may be applied
to so far undatable units.
6. Experimental archaeology Along with the reconstruction and operation
of the furnaces for technological and ergonomic research, cross
examination of analytical results from original and experimental
products will be carried out.